Grand Traverse Ski Club

The Five Fundamentals

The fundamental mechanics of SKIING, outlined below, remain consistent through all levels of Certification. The performance criteria for these fundamentals will vary based on the application to common beginner, intermediate, and advanced zone outcomes.

Skiing Fundamentals

  1. Control the relationship of the Center of Mass to the base of support to direct pressure along the length of the skis.
  2. Control pressure from ski to ski and direct pressure toward the outside ski.
  3. Control edge angles through a combination of inclination and angulation.
  4. Control the skis rotation (turning, pivoting, steering) with leg rotation, separate from the upper body.
  5. Regulate the magnitude of pressure created through ski/snow interaction.

The differentiating applications of fundamentals are defined by the following categories: environment, accuracy, and speed.

Environment: The appropriate terrain and snow conditions for level of assessment, relative to the skill development needs for students.

Accuracy: The degree of competence and constancy in application of fundamentals relative to desired ski performance.

Speed: The ability to ski in control at speeds necessary to achieve desired ski performance for the task or demonstration.

Source:  PSIA National Certification Standard, p. 6

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